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Contact: Phillip and Divine Fry, Certified Environmental Hygienists,

email phil@moldinspector.com
phone USA 1-480-310-7970 (cell) or 1-810-639-0523 (office)



Top 29 Home Safety Hazards

The United Kingdom Housing Act 2004 brought in a new system to assess the safety of homes (including both houses and flats/apartments)

The principle behind the Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS) is that homes – including outbuildings, yards, amenity space, and means of access – should provide a safe and healthy environment for occupiers and visitors.

The system is based on a risk assessment of 29 hazards. Once an assessment is made the hazards are scored as either category one or category two.

This document lists the 29 hazards in residences. Landlords are responsible for ensuring these hazards do not occur in their property.S

1. Damp and mould growth

2. Excess cold

3. Excess heat

4. Asbestos and manufactured mineral fibres

5. Biocides.
Chemicals used to treat timber mould growth and pest infestations.

6. Carbon monoxide and fuel combustion products. Excess levels of carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide and smoke in the dwelling’s atmosphere.

7. Lead paint and lead in water

8. Radiation Radon gas and similar which are either airborne or dissolved in water.

9. Un-combusted fuel gas. Fuel gas escaping into the atmosphere within a dwelling.

10. Volatile organic compounds

11. Crowding and space. Lack of living space for sleeping and general household life.

12. Entry by intruders. Lack of means to secure the dwelling against unauthorised or unwanted entry.

13. Lighting. Inadequate natural and/or artificial light.

14. Noise. Inadequate sound insulation allowing penetration of excessive levels of noise or vibration from local area.

15. Domestic hygiene, pests and refuse

16. Food safety.
Inadequate facilities for the storage, preparation and cooking of food.

17. Personal hygiene, sanitation. and drainage. Lack of personal washing and clothes washing and drying facilities, including drainage.

18. Water supply. Lack of quality and adequacy of the water supply for drinking and domestic purposes.

19. Falls associated with baths

20. Falling on level surfaces etc

21. Falling on stairs etc

22. Falling between levels

23. Electrical hazards. Electrical shock or burns from sockets etc. Includes lightning strikes.

24. Fire. Uncontrolled fires from clothes catching alight etc. Also includes risks of fire starting (ignition sources), the spread of fire, the lack of early warning systems and means of escape from fire.

25. Flames, hot surfaces etc. Burns and injuries caused by contact with flames, hot liquids and vapours.

26. Collision and entrapment. Physical injury from trapping body parts in windows and doors etc and striking/colliding with windows and doors etc.

27. Explosions. Blast of debris or collapse of a building from main fuel gas/stored gas or water vapour in hot water storage system.

28. Position and operability of amenities etc

29. Structural collapse and falling elements.
Threat to dwelling because of inadequate fixing or disrepair or as a result of adverse weather conditions.

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