Home Safety Hazards
United Kingdom Housing Act 2004 brought in a new system to assess the safety
of homes (including both houses and flats/apartments)
The principle behind the Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS) is
that homes – including outbuildings, yards, amenity space, and means of
access – should provide a safe and healthy environment for occupiers and
The system is based on a risk assessment of 29 hazards. Once an assessment
is made the hazards are scored as either category one or category two.
This document lists the 29 hazards in
residences. Landlords are responsible for ensuring these hazards do not
occur in their property.S
1. Damp and mould growth
2. Excess cold
3. Excess heat
4. Asbestos and manufactured mineral fibres
Chemicals used to treat timber mould growth and pest
6. Carbon monoxide and fuel combustion products.
Excess levels of carbon monoxide, nitrogen
dioxide, sulphur dioxide and smoke in the dwelling’s
7. Lead paint and lead in water
Radon gas and similar which are either airborne or dissolved
9. Un-combusted fuel gas.
Fuel gas escaping into the atmosphere within a dwelling.
10. Volatile organic compounds
11. Crowding and space.
Lack of living space for sleeping and general household life.
12. Entry by intruders.
Lack of means to secure the dwelling against unauthorised or
Inadequate natural and/or artificial light.
Inadequate sound insulation allowing penetration of excessive
levels of noise or vibration from local area.
15. Domestic hygiene, pests and refuse
16. Food safety.
Inadequate facilities for the storage, preparation and
cooking of food.
17. Personal hygiene, sanitation. and drainage.
Lack of personal washing and clothes washing and drying
facilities, including drainage.
18. Water supply.
Lack of quality and adequacy of the water supply for drinking
and domestic purposes.
19. Falls associated with baths
20. Falling on level surfaces etc
21. Falling on stairs etc
22. Falling between levels
23. Electrical hazards.
Electrical shock or burns from sockets etc. Includes
Uncontrolled fires from clothes catching alight etc. Also
includes risks of fire starting (ignition sources), the spread of fire, the
lack of early warning systems and means of escape from fire.
25. Flames, hot surfaces etc.
Burns and injuries caused by contact with flames, hot liquids
26. Collision and entrapment.
Physical injury from trapping body parts in windows and doors
etc and striking/colliding with windows and doors etc.
Blast of debris or collapse of a building from main fuel
gas/stored gas or water vapour in hot water storage system.
28. Position and operability of amenities etc
29. Structural collapse and falling elements.
Threat to dwelling because of inadequate fixing or disrepair
or as a result of adverse weather conditions.